Country Profile

///Country Profile
Country Profile 2017-11-10T14:29:37+00:00
Region South East Asia
Capital city Jakarta
Surface area 1,910,931 sq km (742,308 sq miles)
Population (proj., 2016) 260,581,000
Population density (2016) 143.8 per sq km (2016)
Capital city pop. (2015) 10,323 (2015)
Currency Rupiah (IDR)

Sources: UNdata, The World Bank.

Languages Bahasa Indonesia
English
Local languages (more than 700 local languages)
Ethnicity (2010) Javanese (40.1%)
Sundanese (15.5%)
Malay (3.7%)
Batak (3.6%)
Madurese (3%)
Others (34.1%)
Religions Muslim (87.2%)
Christian (7%)
Roman Catholic (2.9%)
Hindu (1.7%)
Others (1.3%)

Sources: CIA World Factbook, UNdata.

Location Southeastern Asia, archipelago between
the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
Land boundaries 2,958 km
 Bordering countries  Malaysia, Timor Leste, Papua New Guinea
 Area (2011)  Land: 1,811,569 sq km
 Water: 93,000 sq km
 Coastline  54,716 km
 Climate  Tropical, hot, humid, more moderate in highlands
 Natural Resources  Petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber,
 bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver
 Land Use (2011)  Agricultural land: 31.2%
arable land 13%, permanent crops 12.1%, permanent pasture 6.1%
 Forest: 51.7%
Other17.2%
 Natural Hazards Floods, severe droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes,
 volcanoes, forest fires

Sources: UNdata, CIA World Factbook.

 GDP (2015)  $861.934 billion
 GDP growth (2016Q2)  5.18%
 GDP per capita (2015)  $3,346.5
 GNI per capita (2015)  $3,440
 State budget (2016)
       Revenue  $132.16 billion
       Expenditure  $154.29 billion
 Exports (2015)  $176,036.2 million
 Imports (2015)  $178,179.3 million
 Balance (2015) -$2,143.1 million
 Inflation (July 2016, yoy)  3.21%
 Unemployment (2015)  6%
 Foreign Direct Investment (2015)  1.8%
 (net inflows, % of GDP)

Sources: Bank of Indonesia, Ministry of FinanceThe World Bank, UNdata, OECD.

 Gini Index (2014)  41
 Poverty headcount ratio   11.3%
 (national poverty lines,  % population) (2014)
 Life expectancy at birth (2010-2015)
       Total 68.9 years
       Male 66.6 years
       Female  70.7 years
 Infant mortality rate   25
 (per 1000 live births) (2010-2015)
 Literacy rate (2011)
       Total 92.81%
       Male  95.59
       Female  90.07%
 Government spending on education (2014)  3.3% of GDP
 Gross enrollment ratio  104.5/107.0
 (primary education, f/m per 100 pop.) (2014)

Source: UNdata, The World Bank, UNESCO.